A thrombus is a blood clot that forms in a vessel and remains there whereas embolism is a clot which travels from the site where it formed to another location in the body. Thrombi or emboli can lodge in a blood vessel and block the blood flow in that location preventing the normal blood flow and oxygen. This may result in damage, destruction, or even death of the tissues in that area. Blood clots in deep veins are more dangerous than blood clots in shallow veins close to the skin. 1 in 4 people worldwide are dying due to thrombosis. Treatment can differ from patient to patient but typically includes blood thinning medication to break up clots and prevent new ones from forming.
- Track 1-1 Anticoagulants (e.g., injectables such as heparin, enoxaparin, or low molecular weight heparin, or tablets such as apixaban, dabigatran and rivaroxaban, edaxaban and warfarin)
- Track 2-2 Mechanical devices (e.g., compression stockings which may decrease your risk of long term problems that can be caused from having clots or a special filter placed in a vein)
- Track 3-3 Thrombolytic therapy